COMMON PLACE BOOK
MOULTRIE COUNTY HISTORY

Ivory J. Martin
1927*


I. List of representatives in Congress representing the territory of which Moultrie County formed a part since the admission of the state.

During the first 14 years, the state had but one representative.

John McLean was first elected and served until 1819. He was then defeated by only 30 votes by

Daniel Pope Cook, who served eight years but had a hard fight each time to secure reelection and defeated Gov. Bond in one campaign and McLean once or twice -- always by small majo rities. In the Presidential contest in 1824 in the House he voted for Adams, and the Jackson men helped to defeat him in 1826, electing

Joseph Duncan, who served six years or until the state was divided into three districts. He was then electe d in 1832 from the 3rd district, which included the north part of Moultrie, which then belonged to Macon -- a segment nine sections wide. In 1834 Duncan was elected Governor.

When the state was divided into three congressional districts before the e lection of 1832, Shelby County was placed in the 2nd district and Macon in the 3rd. The south two thirds of Moultrie was in Shelby and the north part in Macon. It has been said that Gov. Duncan represented the 3rd for one term. He was succeeded by Wm. L. May of Springfield, who served four years. All the representatives named so far were classed as democrats. The third district in 1838 elected a Whig, John R. Stuart, who served two terms, or until 1843.

The second or Shelby district was represente d the full ten years, 1833-1843, by Jadoc Casey of Mt. Vernon, a democrat. He was one of the remarkable men in the first half century or more of the state history. His father emigrated from Ireland to North Carolina before the Revolutionary War and was a soldier under Marion and Sumpter. Jadoc was born in 1796, married in 1815 and came to Illinois in 1817, a year before its admission as a state. He settled at Mt. Vernon and was the principal founder of that city. He was in the service of the public n early all his life:

  • he was in the lower house of the legislature 1822-1826;

  • he was in the state senate 1826-1830;

  • he was Lieut.-Governor 1830-1833;

  • he was our representative in Congress, 1833-1843;

  • he w as president of the constitutional convention in 1845;

  • he was elected to the legislature in 1848 and became Speaker, was reelected in 1850;

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*Some entries in this book were made after the init ial writing in 1927.

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  • he was chairman of the statewide peace convention that met in Springfield in 1861;
Like many prominent men of the time, he was a soldier in the Black Hawk war and was wounded in battle.

I have never heard him censured but for one thing. In the legislature in 1822 he voted for calling a constitutional convention which was formed by pro-slavery men.

In 1843, the year Moul trie County was organized, we were put into a new 3rd district, the state being entitled to 7 representatives.

Orlando B. Ficklin of Charleston served the first 6 years, 1843-1849, then missed a term and was again elected, serving from 1851-1853 . Ficklin was one of the big men of that day. He had been in the legislature in 1834 when Lincoln was serving his first term. He resigned but was again elected in 1838 and served until 1842 when he entered Congress. He was not a member of the constitu tional convention of 1847 but was chosen to represent Coles and Moultrie in the convention of 1862, which contained some of the best talent in the state not employed in the war. John Dement was chairman. It had nearly a dozen past or future Congressmen, one ex Governor, several circuit and supreme court justices and one future Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.

In his old age, Ficklin was again elected to the legislature, in 1878. His neighbors nearly all voted for him -- plumped three votes and ran him a thousand votes ahead of his running mate, the venerable Arnold Thomason of Moultrie County, but both were elected.

His wife was the daughter of Gov. Colquit [?] of Georgia, who was also a U.S. Senator, and Mrs. Ficklin had brothers who we re governors and senators in Georgia and Texas. The law firm of Craig brothers at Mattoon -- Ed, Don and J.W. Jr. -- are grandsons of Old Fick, so they had great lawyers on both sides of their ancestry.

I believe Ficklin was beaten in 1848 by Timot hy R. Young, who served two years, and again in 1852 by James C. Allen, who served until 1857. He had previously served one term in the legislature, 1850-1852. He was the democratic nominee for governor in 1860, was elected congressman at lar ge in 1862. He had previously been elected circuit judge, which office he then resigned. He was a member of the constitutional convention in 1870, and was again elected circuit judge and served until 1879.

Allen was succeeded in 1857 by Aaron Shaw< /I> of Lawrenceville, which indicates the immense territorial size of the old 7th district. Shaw served but one term. Other positions which he held throughout his active public life indicate that he was a man of ability. The same can be said of Young, our other single term representative heretofore mentioned.

Our next representative was one of the big men of pioneer days -- James C. Robinson, who was elected in 1858 and continued as our representative until 1862, when the state was redistrict ed and we were put in the new 7th. Robinson lived at

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Marshall and his new district was the 11th. He was elected from that district in 1862 and would have continued to represent it, but the democ rats nominated him for governor in 1854, and as the party had carried the state two years before, he took a chance on the governorship, and thus lost his seat in Congress without gaining anything else. He was defeated by Oglesby, who had been his defeate d rival for other offices. Robinson moved to Springfield and in 1870 defeated Cullom, who had represented that district in Congress since 1864. Robinson continued to represent that district until 1874, when he was succeeded by William M. Springer, who h ad a long term of twenty years until he was beaten in the great republican landslide of 1894. Robinson retired because he had voted for what was called the salary grab in 1873, raising the Congressman's salary from $5000 to $7500. The panic that followe d the same year made a salary increase extremely unpopular.

The legislature of 1860-62 was republican in both houses and the new 7th was arranged with the object of sending a republican congressman, but there was a reaction in favor of the democrats in 1862, and

John R. Eden was elected. He served until March 1865, but had been defeated for reelection in 1864. Four years later he was nominated for Governor, but the republicans carried the state in 1868 and he was defeated by Gen. Palmer.

The remainder of the period in which we were in the new 7th district we were represented by two republicans, Henry H. P. Bromwell, Charleston 1865-1869, and Jesse H. Moore, Decatur, 1869-1873.

In the reapportionment after the census of 1870, th e state representation was increased to nineteen and we were placed in the fifteenth district. Mr. Eden was elected in this new district in 1872, and served six years.

In 1874, he had a famous fight for reelection. The Greeley campaign in 1872 had disorganized parties and made independent movements rather attractive. In this district the republicans made no nomination in 1874, but Major Jacob W. Wilkin was endorsed by an independent conference dominated mainly by members of the grange organization s. Many democrats looked with favor upon the independent movement, and in the advertisements for independent rallies, the names of well known democrats were inserted as speakers. Judge Thornton's name was used in this way repeatedly without his consent, and of course he attended none of the meetings. He finally protested in a letter declaring for Eden and the publication of this letter had considerable to do with turning the tide. Wilkin carried his own county by a big majority and he had the lead in Edgar and other counties on the east side. Eden carried Moultrie, Shelby and Effingham strong enough to insure his election by something over 800, more than 600 of which he got in Moultrie, which he carried nearly two to one.

In 1876 there was some an xiety on account of the greenback party. Mr. Eden had a consistent record against irredeemable paper money running clear back to his service in Congress during the War. In 1866 and in 1868 when he was a candidate for Governor he had declined to endorse what was called the "Ohio Idea." So when the greenbacks got active in the district in the spring of 1876, they had no notion of

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endorsing him but sought to find a strong candidate against him. Ju dge Hunter of Edgar county was nominated, but as the wonderful "Tilden, Hendricks and Reform" campaign proceeded, it became apparent that third parties or independent tickets had no chance, and Hunter withdrew. Eden was of course elected.

In 1878 the greenback movement was stronger than two years before, and an attempt was made, with final success, to defeat him in the democratic convention. In a primary election he would have had no difficulty as he would have run first in some of the counties and s econd in all the others, while none of the other candidates would have carried more than his own county. But in a convention each candidate would have his own county delegation under his control, and jealousy against a strong candidate usually resulted i n a combination majority of delegates against him.

In 1872 each county had a candidate. Edgar really had two -- Bishop and Hunter. One of them was a candidate in 1878 and the other in 1880. I think Hunter was the candidate in 1878. After a prolonge d deadlock, Eden's friends threw their support to Judge Decius of Crawford County and he was nominated. He was afterwards beaten by A.P. Forsyth of Edgar county, who ran as a greenbacker.

Mr. Eden was again a candidate in 1880. Shelby not havi ng a candidate this year supported him, and he had stronger support in some other counties. He carried the convention in all counties that did not have candidates; but in one or two, holding delegations were sent to the district convention. The majority of the delegates seated were for Eden and he was nominated. But the other candidates on account of real or fancied grievances organized a bolt, and Col. Filler of Effingham was endorsed as an independent or bolting candidate. The republicans made no no minations and thus the race was between Forsyth, the greenbacker, and the two democrats. Before the election, both democrats withdrew and united on Judge Moulton of Shelbyville, who was elected and again reelected in 1882, thus serving two terms o r four years.

The last term of Judge Moulton's was as a representative for a new district, the seventeenth, which was composed of Moultrie, Shelby, Fayette, Effingham, Montgomery and Macoupin.

Early in 1884, Judge Moulton announced that he would n ot be a candidate for reelection. Some said that he had made a promise to Mr. Eden in 1880 that he would retire after two terms. I am sure that is not accurate. Mr. Eden had promised to support him for reelection in 1882 if he would accept the committe e selection in 1880, and I don't think there was any further agreement.

Fayette and Effingham endorsed Eden early in 1884. Judge Jesse J. Phillips of Montgomery secured the delegates from his county, and State Senator Yancy of Macoupin was a candidate . Shelby county democrats held a primary election to decide between Eden and Phillips. The latter was on the circuit bench and held the court in Shelby. The campaign was a battle royal, and Eden carried the county securing the nomination. This time th e republicans put up a candidate, H.J. Hamlin, and this was the only serious opposition Eden had met from the republicans since his defeat by Bromwell

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in 1864, twenty years before. Eden was elect ed with the usual democrat vote except that Hamlin got some complimentary support in Shelbyville.

The campaign of 1886 was a serious proposition for democratic congressmen. The Cleveland administration was slow in making appointments, and there were s everal democratic aspirants for every office; and every disappointment made trouble for the congressman. Mr. Eden went into the 1886 campaign with the support of Moultrie and Fayette, while every other county had a candidate of its own. Judge Moulton wa s again a candidate, and Judge Edward Lane, who was finally nominated, had the Montgomery delegation. Yancy of Macoupin was again a candidate. A careful canvas of the delegates from Montgomery and Macoupin counties showed that a majority of each favored Eden as second choice, and many of them made no reservation at all. Both counties were instructed to vote as a unit. The Effingham delegation under instructions for State Senator Rhinehart was hostile to Eden, and the Shelby delegates, while ins tructed for Moulton, were really for Tom Thornton, and they would not talk of a second choice. The caucus of delegates from Fayette and Moultrie by general consent decided two questions. They would vote for Eden on the last ballot unless he withdrew, an d they would not vote for Tom Thornton. This determination made it certain that either Lane or Eden would be nominated, as Montgomery county would vote for one or the other. After the nomination of Lane, Mr. Eden gave him hearty support throughout his s ervice of eight years.

Judge Phillips had been chairman of the Montgomery delegation and its only spokesman in the convention. He knew of the strong sentiment in the delegation favorable to Eden, but he gave it no chance at any conference or consult ation. He cast the votes himself with as much faith and certainty as if it had been ordained of God. He did this to get revenge for his own defeat two years before, although not at all friendly to Lane. He was afterwards elected to the supreme bench. In 1888 he suggested to Mr. Eden that he run for Congress again, and was sure that he could succeed, but Eden had determined in 1886 not to become a candidate again.

Before his first election in 1862 he had served a four year term as district attorne y for the counties forming the judicial circuit. He had also been a member by appointment of the governor of the state board of education and was active in the establishment of the state normal school at Normal. Later he served on a commission by appoin tment of Gov. Altgeld for the establishment of one of the state hospitals.

In order to complete the sketch of Mr. Eden, we passed hurriedly over the terms served by Samuel W. Moulton, 1881-1885.

Judge Moulton first located in Sullivan for the practice of law in 1845, about the time that Governor Oglesby also located here. There were no railroads anywhere in the state at that time and it was uncertain what towns would take the lead. However, a small county was a handicap, although its lawyer s at that time followed the court around to the different counties. Oglesby later moved to Decatur, and Moulton went to Shelbyville where he spent the remainder of his life.

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Before the war Moulton was a democrat, while Thornton, his great competitor, was an early whig, becoming a democrat only when the old party disappeared in 1856. In 1864 both Moulton and Thornton were elected to Congress, the latter from his district as a democrat, and the for mer from the state at large on a "union" ticket supported by republicans and some "war" democrats. In 1866 Judge Moulton was defeated for the republican nomination for congressman at large by Gen. John A. Logan, who had been a democratic congressman befo re resigning to go into the army. In 1868 Judge Moulton was supported for the republican nomination for Governor, but Palmer was nominated. In 1872 he along with Palmer, Trumbull and other republicans joined the liberal movement and supported Greeley fo r president. He supported Tilden in 1876 and was a democrat until 1896, when it is said he favored the election of McKinley.

Judge Moulton was in the legislature several terms and he has been called the father of the free school system in the state. He was certainly the leader in the passage of the first effective free school law that was enacted in Illinois. He was also a member of the first state board of education and like Mr. Eden, another member, helped to institute the first state normal sch ool. He with Lincoln and Linder was appointed by Judge David Davis at Shelbyville in 1853 to examine Mr. Eden for admission to the bar. It is said the examination was started in a room at the court house and was finished at a nearby bar. Of the group, only Linder was ever known to drink excessively.

Judge Edward Lane, 1887-1895, was a very good lawyer without being at all brilliant. He was not an attractive speaker but he could put up a good argument. He had held minor offices -- County J udge, etc. He was a hard working member of Congress and was as careful and studious in the house as he was in the courtroom. On the question of free silver, which split the democratic party in 1894 and 1896, many of Lane's friends thought he took his po sition contrary to his better judgment. He could not have avoided the issue and remained in politics. He need not have gone to such extremes and alienated supporters of Cleveland as he did both in the regular election of 1894 and the special election of 1895, in both of which he was defeated. After his defeat in 1895 he retired although he could, as the event proved, have been renominated and reelected in 1896.

Judge Thomas M. Jett of Hillsboro, 1897-1903, was a very capable representative. After his retirement he was elected Circuit Judge, and he is still in 1927 on the bench. In the event of the retirement of Justice Farmer he would perhaps be elected as his successor.

Vespasian Warner was a congressman in the old Bloomington district before the present 19th district was formed by dismembering parts of four or five other districts. Warner was elected from the new district in 1902 but he got it into his head that he was gubernatorial timber and sought the nomination in 1904. H.J. Hamlin of Shelby, who was attorney general at the time, also sought the nomination for governor and their fight tore the district wide open and effected his permanent retirement. Warner was appointed Commissioner of Pensions by Roosevelt but he neve r came back in state politics. He supported Roosevelt and the progressive movement in 1912, but that only buried him deeper.

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While Hamlin's name does not really belong in these sketches, a littl e digression may be pardonable. As we have seen, he had the republican nomination for Representative back in 1884 when there was no chance of election. If he had taken the nomination in 1904, which he could have had without serious opposition, he would have been elected, and it is believed he would have had a brilliant congressional career, with the Senate more than a mere possibility. But he and Warner fought out the contest for governor, both losing and leaving the congressional prize to the plain, p lodding but efficient W. B. McKinley.

William B. McKinley, an adroit and able businesssman who proved to be, in the main, a successful politician, was nominated while the Warner-Hamlin scrap was going on in 1904. He was reelected successively u ntil 1912, when he was unhorsed in the progressive movement. He came back in 1914 and was reelected at the successive elections until 1920, when he was nominated and elected Senator. He was defeated for renomination in 1926 and died before the end of hi s term.

His congressional career was not conspicuous but he was constantly in touch with the leaders of the conservative element of his party. Whether they made much use of his counsel may be questioned, but it is certain he made use of theirs, and he was never on matters of any importance found out of line with his party. His motto was "business is simply politics." He used his money freely and this won him support, not corruptly but effectively and made up for what he may have lacked in brilliance and personal attractiveness. He will long be remembered with kindness and respect by those who knew him best. He served altogether 14 years in the house and almost 6 in the senate. John R. Eden served ten years and no one else represented us quite so long.

After McKinley there is not much more to write:

Charles Borchers of Decatur, a democrat, had served one term, 1913-1915, having been elected in the three-party fight in 1912.

Allen T. Moore, 1921-1925.
Charles Adkins, 1925-1929.


II. Our members of the Illinois legislature.

A full list of our legislators would be too voluminous so I propose to name only those residing in the county and a few of the most famous residing in our distric t.

This part of the state was in Crawford County up to about the time our first settlement was made, when we belonged to Fayette. For the first assembly, Crawford County elected Joseph Kitchell, who as a delegate to the constitutional conventio n was, next to Senators Kane and Thomas, most influential in framing the constitution of 1818. He had not been noticed at the beginning of the session, and was not on the committee that reported it, but he offered most of the amendments that were voted. Although no white people lived here then, he was our first senator and a good one.

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Our next senator was Daniel Parker, a famous Baptist (Hardshell) preacher of the early days who sometimes came to the Whitley settlements in this county. He won lasting credit by opposing the pro-slavery party in his term, 1822-1824. Another preacher of the same church -- William Kinney of St. Clair -- was on the other side. He was a more active politician -- he became lieut.-governor and candidate for governor, but his story does not belong here.

William L.D. Ewing of Fayette county was in the senate in 1832 and he had been speaker of the house before. Shelby county, to which we belonged, proba bly was a part of his district. In the last two years of his term as senator, Ewing was president of the senate. Both the governor and the lieut. governor were elected to Congress and both resigned. The lieut-governor resigned first and that elevated E wing to that office. Then the governor resigned and Ewing became governor for a short term. At the end of his term he was elected to the U.S. Senate to fill a vacancy. Ewing was thus a state senator, President of the Senate, Lieut. Governor, Governor, and U.S. Senator in rapid succession. He held other offices and was a considerable man in his day.

Thomas B. Trower of Shelbyville was our representative 1836-1838, and our senator then and for a dozen years afterward was Peter Warren. He was the father of a well known preacher of the same name but the first Peter was anything but a preacher. He continued to represent us after the county was organized as we remained in the same legislative district. He was defeated by Judge Thornto n by the small margin of 30 votes for delegate to the constitutional convention of 1847 and refused to run for another term in the senate. One time when it was proposed to include the Kaskaskia river in the scheme of improvement, a remark of his was long famous: "Talk about making the Okaw navigable. I live on that river, and I tell you in the late summer I can lay drunk three days and crawl from one hole to another and drink the damned stream dry."

From 1850 to 1860 it is not clear how Moultrie was located. If we were north Shelby, we had distinguished representation from Thornton and then Moulton.

We omitted to note that while we were a part of Shelby, Gen. W.F. Thornton had been elected to the legislature in 1838 but died soon after.

Our senator in 1858 was probably Joel S. Post of Decatur or Thos. A. Marshall of Coles.

Reuben B. Erving was our first resident member of the legislature, elected in 1848. It was just 20 years before we had another house representative. But i n 1868 we began, and for forty years in every session we had a home man and sometimes two. Here is the list in each session:

1868-70 William M. Stanley
1870-72 Jonathan Meeker
1872-74 John A. Freeland
1874-76 R. W. Wilson
1 876-78 Stephen Cannon
1878-80 Arnold Thomason

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1880-82 John W. R. Morgan
1882-84 John H. Baker & Chas. Z. Roane
1884-86 same
1886-88 same
1888-90 W. G. Cochran & Frank Spitler
1890-92 (Senator) Samuel W. Wright
1892-94 same
1894-96 W. G. Cochran & Murray McDonald
1896-98 W. G. Cochran & Oliver T. Atchison
1898-1900 Rufus Huff

1900-02 John H. Uppendahl
1902-04 same
1904-06 John R. Pogue
1906-08 s ame
1908-10 no home member
1919-12 Dr. W.E. Stedman
1912-14 (Senator) Raymond D. Meeker
1914-16 Chas. A. Gregory
1916-18 same
1918-20 same & Jacob R. Drake
1920-26
1926-28 H.H. Hawkins

In the fifty-two year s covered by the preceding list, we have had but few distinguished representatives from other counties of the district. Col. Ficklin served one term 1878-80. Henry A. Neal served several terms in the seventies. James M. Gray of Decatur served two terms while we were with Macon, and Charles Adkins was a member several years from Piatt. Peter P. Schaefer and Frank Williamson of Champaign have also been among our representatives.

Among our state senators, the ablest was perhaps Erastus N. Rinehart< /I> of Effingham. He had served one term before Moultrie and Effingham counties were districted together, and he was elected in 1882 for another term. He could have served indefinitely if he had not decided to run for Congress, and it might have helped him into Congress if he had not been in too big a hurry.

Before that, while we were with Coles and Douglas counties, we had as senator 1872-76 Charles B. Steele of Mattoon, who had once lived in Sullivan and who was the father of William A. Stee le, who was a banker here for 36 years. Malden Jones of Douglas county was senator from 1876-80. He was a farmer of fine ability and splendid character.

I had overlooked the name of Horace S. Clark of Mattoon when classifying Rinehart . Clark was elected in 1880, defeating Jones in a close contest. We were placed in a new district in the middle of his term. Instead of running for another term, Clark tried to beat Cannon for the congressional nomination in 1884. He tried later to ge t the nomination for governor, and once more sought the congressional nomination.

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He was a good lawyer, somewhat of an orator, but vain and rather too cold for a successful politician.

Our hom e senators have been mentioned, and none of the others have been greatly distinguished except Dunlap, and he mainly for his long service of more than 30 years.


III. Circuit Judges

Our first circuit judge after the court w as organized was Samuel H. Treat. He was at the same time a judge of the Supreme Court of Illinois. After the adoption of the constitution of 1847, he was elected a Justice of the Supreme Court, but resigned before the expiration of his term, Mar ch 23, 1855.

David Davis held court here between 1848 and 1853, and he continued on the bench until 1861, when President Lincoln appointed him associate justice of the Supreme Court, where he remained until he was elected U.S. Senator from Illin ois in 1877.

In 1853 we were put in the Seventh Circuit, and Charles Emerson was elected or commissioned as judge. He continued on the bench until 1867, when he was succeeded by Arthur J. Gallagher.

In 1873 we were put into the 16th c ircuit, and Charles B. Smith of Champaign was elected and served continuously until 1891, a period of 18 years.

However, we had been placed in another district or at least given another number in 1877, and William E. Nelson of Decatur had been elected to assist in holding courts, thus giving us two judges.

In 1879 Smith was reelected but Nelson was defeated by Jacob W. Wilkin of Marshal, who served (being once reelected) until 1888, when he was elevated to the supreme bench wher e he remained until 1907, when he died within a year after his last reelection.

After a change in circuits, another judge was added and we were given Oliver L. Davis, already serving. He was succeeded at the election in 1885 by James F. Hugh es in Mattoon. At the special election in 1888, Edward P. Vail succeeded Judge Wilkin.

Up to this time some pretense had been made to nonpartisanship in the election of judges. It is true that Moultrie County since 1848 had never seen a de mocratic judge on the bench except for two or three terms, for example 1877-79 when Judge Nelson was on the bench. Judge Vail had been nominated in a party convention for the short term in 1888 and now in 1891 the regular republican organization called a judicial convention to nominate three candidates, and the county organization proceeded to the selection of delegates. It was seen at once to be a move to eliminate Smith and Hughes. Some of Hughes' friends advised him to try for the party nomination, but Smith induced him to run independent and financed the campaign. They took on a democrat (I believe from

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Clark county) to keep some of their supporters from voting for one or the other of t he party candidates. Hughes was well liked, but the people were tired of Smith, and the democrats could not be persuaded to take much interest in an independent ticket headed by him.

The regular party nominees were chosen. Vail was reelected, and F. Bookwalter of Danville and F.M. Wright of Champaign were the other two.

In 1897 a new apportionment was made and we were put into the 6th Circuit. In this Circuit:

Francis M. Wright was reelected in 1897-1903.
Edward P. Vail ... 1897-1903.
William G. Cochran ... elected 1897, served until 1915.
William C. Johns ... 1903 and in 1909.
Solon Philbrick ... 1903 and 1909.
(The latter two died in 1914.)
Franklin P. Boggs succeeded Philbrick and was reelected in 1 915, 1921, and 1924.
William K. Whitfield succeeded Johns and was reelected in 1915.
George A. Sentel was elected in 1915 and 1921.
James A. Baldwin was elected in 1921 and 1926.

Our members of the Supreme Court since 1870 have been:

J ohn M. Scott, 1870 to 1888.
Jacob W. Wilkin, 1888 to 1907.
Frank K. Dunn, 1907 ...

I have no record of supreme court districts prior to 1870. The Justices I know most about are:

Samuel D. Lockwood, 1825-1848 (resigned).
Samuel H. Trea t, 1844-1855 (resigned).
Sidney Breese, 1841043, again 1857; died 1878.
Walter B. Scates, 1841-47 and 1853-57. Resigned both times.
Stephen A. Douglas, 1841-43.
John D. Caton, 1842-64.
James Shields, 1843-47? resigned.
Lyman Trumbu ll, 1845-53.
Anthony Thornton, 1870-73, resigned.
John Scofield, 1873-93, died.
Alfred M. Craig, 1873-1900.
T. Lyle Dickey, 1875-85.
Bery D. Magruder, 1885-1906.
Jesse J. Phillips, 1993-1901, died.
James H. Cartwright, 1895 ...
W. M. Farmer, 19__,

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Orin N. Carter, 1906 ...


IV. Delegates to Constitutional Conventions

In the Constitutional Convention of 1818 that framed our first constitution, our territory being a part of Crawford county was represented by Edward N. Cullom and Joseph Kitchell. Cullom seems to have been the best known at the beginning of the session, and he was put on the committee to draft and rep ort a constitution to the convention. Elias Kent Kane of Randolph county, one of the leading men of the time and afterward secretary of state and United States Senator, was chairman of this committee. It is said he brought a constitution already prepare d to the convention. However, when it was reported to the session of the full convention, many amendments were offered, and most of those adopted were proposed by our delegate Kitchell. He seems to have been a man of ability. He was afterwards a state senator and might have gone higher but it is said his efficiency and development were limited by too great indulgence in drink. Jesse B. Thomas, who with Kane were our greatest senators before Douglas, was President of this convention, and James Lemon, a nother future U.S. Senator, was a member. Conrad Will, who is not quite forgotten, was another.

The next constitutional convention was in 1847, and we together with Shelby were represented by Anthony Thornton, who defeated State Senator Warren by 30 votes. The latter felt so humiliated over his defeat that he would not be senator any more. Jadoc Casey, our former congressman, was President pro tem of this convention, and many of the big men of the state were delegates --- several judges, cong ressmen, one governor, and two United States Senators.

Both of the constitutions proposed in 1818 and 1847 respectively were adopted. But in 1862 we had a convention whose work was rejected by the people. Their proposed constitution is believed to ha ve been an improvement on the old one, but the convention had meddled somewhat in public affairs and undertook to direct or at least influence matters not in its province, and public resentment of this helped to condemn its work.

Our delegate to this c onvention was the noted Col. Orlando B. Ficklin of Charleston. Judge Thornton was again a delegate representing Shelby and Cumberland counties. This was an assembly of able men. John Dement was president pro tem, and William A. Hacher, president . There were an ex governor, many judges and congressmen, and a future Chief Justice of the United States.

The convention of 1870 which framed the present constitution was not inferior in character and ability to any of the others. It was so consciou s of its ability and the excellence of its work that it made the mistake of making the instrument perpetual by the difficulty of amendment. It has therefore not kept pace with our progress in other matters.

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Our delegate was Charles Emerson of Decatur, who had been our circuit judge for many years and who died during the session of the convention. Abel Harwood succeeded him.

Among the famous men in this convention were William J. Alle n, congressmen, judge etc.; his cousin James C. Allen, at one time our own congressman, judge and nominee for governor in 1860; W. B. Anderson, who was to succeed the soldier Sam Marshall in congress; Silas L. Bryan, circuit judge, supreme court justice a nd father of the famous Bryan brothers; John Schofield, who ranks with or at least next to David Davis and Melville Fuller, the greatest jurists of the state; George R. Wendling, great orator and lecturer; Edward Rice, eminent as congressman and judge; Or ville P. Browning, representative in congress, U.S. Senator and cabinet minister; Wm. H. Neece, congressman; Alfred M. Craig, 27 years on the supreme bench; Lewis W. Rose, congressman; Johnathon Merriam, honored by long and efficient service as a legislat or; P.H. Bromwell, our own representative in Congress 1865-69; John Dement, the only man to serve as delegate in three constitutional conventions; Elijah M. Haines, noted law writer and editor, legislator, twice speaker of the Illinois house of representa tives; Joseph Medill, famous founder and editor of the Chicago Tribune. There were others, but these are enough to indicate the high character and intellectual eminence of the convention.

The greatest fiasco in the way of a proposed constitution was t hat of the 1920-1921 convention. The difficulty of amending that of 1870 led the people in 1920 to vote for a convention.

We sent as delegates Senator Henry M. Dunlap and Henry Greene of Champaign. The convention was made up of 102 delegates who had been nominated in party primaries and were nearly all reactionary or extremely conservative. There were some capable lawyers but they all had corporations or big finance sympathies. It was said that the convention did not include a single able and high- minded liberal. And their "frame up" was a curiosity. It was not surprising that it was defeated nearly twenty to one.

It is thought that the delegates imagined that the people would surely approve their work and that they could safely adopt somethin g to suit the interests they represented.


< TD> < TD>John Rice Eden

< TD>1931- < TR>
V. Our County Commissioners or Justices of the Peace

David Patterson
James Elder
Amos Waggoner
Andrew Scott

VI. Our County Judges

James Elder 1843-61
Josep h Edgar Eden 1861-65
Arnold Thomason1865-77
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Jonathan Meeker 1877-86< /TD>
Henry M. Minor1886-89
Charles N. Twadell1889-90
John D. Purvis1890-1894
again in1898-1902
Isaac Hudson1894-1898
again in1910-1914
E.D. Hutchison1902-1910
John T. Grider1914-1918
again in 1922-1930
Oscar Cochran1918-1922
John Eden Jennings1930-1933
Fred Ledbetter1933-
Of the above, only Meeker, Minor, Hudson, Hutchinson, Grider, Jennings and Ledbetter were licensed attorneys at the time of their election. Cochran was later admitted to the bar. Only three -- Meeker, Minor and Jennings -- were successful lawyers.

VII. County Clerks

John Alexander Freeland1843-1853
Charles L. Roane1853-1861
Alfred Newton Smyser1861-1865
again in1869-1873
Joseph B. Titus1865-1869
George Hetherington1873-1877
William Wallace Eden1877-1882
Charles Shum an1882-1890
Silas Deane Stacks 1890-1898
Louis Kossuth Scott1898-1906
Cassius W. Green1906-1918
James B ertram Martin1918-1930
Paul Lilly Chipps1930-1938
VIII. Circuit Clerks
John Perryman1843-1852
James Wilson Lloyd1852-1856
Arnold Thomason1856-1864
Joseph Henry Waggoner1864-1880
Samuel Walter Wright1880-1892
Samuel David Patterson1892-1896
Edward A. Silver1896-1912
Fred O. Gaddis1912-1919
Nettie Bristow1919-1920
Simon Peter English1920-1924
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Cadell West1924-1932
Ivan D. Wo od1932-
From 1843 to 1849 the County Clerk was ex-officio recorder, but since 1849 the Circuit Clerk has been the recorder.

IX. District Attorneys (prior to 1872) and States Attorneys

1856-1860
Jonathan Meeker was a candidate either in 1860 or 1864 but was defeated.

Joseph Gurney Cannon, then of Tuscola, later of Danville, was states attorney of the circuit.

Then States Attorneys:

Casius Caius Clark1872-1880
William Hollins Shinn1880-1884
Samuel Milton Smyser1884-1888
John Eden Jennings1888-1892
Jonathan Meeker1892-1896
William Kenney Whitfield1896-1904
Arthur William Lux1904-1908
Joel Kester Martin1908-1916
Charles Roy Patterson1916-1920
Merle Francis Whernhoff1920-1924
Albert A. Brown192 4-1926 (declared ineligible and reappointed to serve until next election, and defeated in 1926)
Roy Barton Foster1926-1932
Robert W. Martin1932-1940
X. School Commissioners and County Superintendents of Schools

John Perryman
David Patterson (a portion of the time, John R. Eden passed on the qualification of teachers)
Thomas Young Lewis

Above are the names of some of the school commissioners who served from 1843 to 1869 when the first County Superintendent of Schools was elected. John Perryman was the first of these commissioners, and Dr. Lewis was the last. Judge Patterson may have served all t he years between their terms, or there may have been others.

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County Superintendents:
Daniel Franklin Stearns186 9-1873
again1877-1872
James Knox Polk Rose1873-1877
Benjamin Franklin Peadro1882-1890
again1898-1902
Oscar Bruce Lowe1890-1898
Josiah Campbell Hoke1902-1910
Van D. Roughton1910-1918
(Term would have be en nearly 9 years, but resigned.)

Nettie R. Roughton1918-1919
again1923-1931
Lois Combs1919-1923
Albert Walker
All of our county Superintendents except Mr. Rose and Mrs. Combs served two terms or more. Mr. Peadro served three terms but there was an interval of 8 years between his second and third term. Mr. Walk er is the only one elected for three terms in succession.

XI. County Treasurer

Thomas M. Bushfield1871-1873
John Harmon Dunscomb1873-1877
Andrew Ed ward D. Scott1877-1886
Walter Eden1886-1890
James Mathias Cummins1890-1894
William Kirkwood1894-1898
An drew Jackson Patterson1898-1902
Robert Selby1902-1906
H. Ray Warren1906-1910
George Alvin Daugherty1910-1914
Stephen Douglas Burton1914-1918
Oliver T. Dolan1918-1922
Harvey Harrod Hawkins1922-1926
D. Gale Carnine1926-1930
John Orman Newbould1930-1934
Clarke Lowe1934-1938
Charles Albert Lane1938-1942
XII. Sher iff
Joseph Thomason1872-1876
Wash Linder1876-1882
Samuel T. Foster1882-1886
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Thomas A. Lansden1886-1890
Frank M. Webb1890-1894
Thomas A. Lansden1894-1898
Alva E. Foste r1898-1902
John F. Wright1902-1906
William O. Funston1906-1910
Warren M. Fleming1910-1913
Charles O. La nsden1913-1914
William O. Funston1914-1918
Charles O. Lansden1918-1922
Verne R. Ashbrook1922-1926
Charl es O. Lansden 1926-1930
Harlan Lansden1930-1934
XIII. Masters in Chancery
John Perryman
Arnold Thomason
Alsey B. Lee
Alvin P. Greene -1885
Abram Charles Mouser1885-1887
Henry M. Minor 1887-1889
Isaac Hudson1889-1895
George Andrew Sentel1895-1915
Esias Dalby Elder1915-1917
Oscar F. Cochr an1917-1919
Albert Allen Brown1919-1923
Oscar F. Cochran1923-1935
O. C. Worsham1935-1937
Raymond D. Mee ker1937-1938
Frank L. Wolf1938-1940
XIV. Surveyors
Parnell Hamilton
James Anders on
David D. Randolph
Abraham Jones, elected 1875.
Michael H. Warren
Benjamin B. Haydon
William Kirkwood
Charles E. Selby
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XV. Mayors of Sullivan*

Thomas M. Bushfield. When Sullivan was incorporated in effective December 23, 1872, Thomas M. Bushfield, who was then also County Treasurer, was president of the board of village trustees. He became Mayor of the new city and served until 1873.

The Grange farmer movement was strong in Moultrie County at this time, and almost everybody in office was suspected of being, or not, just what they ought to be. A committee was appoint ed by the farmers to carry out an investigation. On this committee were George Hetherington of Lovington, William Harrison Garrett of Whitley and George W. ______ of Sullivan. The committee made a special investigation of the offices of County Clerk and Treasurer. These two officers do more than others who work directly for the County, for which they are paid from public revenue. The Circuit Clerk and the Sheriff received their pay at that time from the fees collected in their office.

The standing of A.N. Smyser, County Clerk, and T.M. Bushfield, County Treasurer, was affected by this investigation. I have never seen any report made by the committee, but the fact that an investigation was being held was sufficient for those who wanted to believe t hat something was wrong. The term of office of both men expired and neither became a candidate for reelection to their county offices, and Bushfield did not run for city Mayor.

The Democrats ran William Kirkwood for Clerk and S.W. Wright (Sr.) for Tre asurer. Both were good clean men and their defeat shows that no party candidate could have been elected. The farmers nominated two Republicans and elected both. They were George Hetherington (who had been chairman of the investigating committee) for Cl erk and J.H. Dunscomb for Treasurer; both served until 1877 when the Democrats were sore over the Hayes-Tilden contest and so they were beaten by W.W. Eden and A.E.D. Scott respectively.

The first four Aldermen of the new city were Village Trustees who carried over as Aldermen until the first regular city election. There were: Walter B. Kilner, Milton Tichenor, Peter Cofer, and J.H. Waggoner. Kilner was as druggist and a brother of Ed Kilner, whose daughter, Mrs. Mae Lucas, is living in Sullivan (19 40). Milton Tichenor was a liveryman, later an implement dealer. Peter Cofer was a worker, I think in some builder's trade. And Joseph Henry Waggoner served sixteen years as Circuit Clerk, 1864-1880. He was later publisher of a paper in Clinton, Illin ois, and afterward a publisher in Fresno, California.

Victor Thompson, 1873-1877. Mayor Thompson was the first regularly elected city Mayor. He ran on the "Citizens" ticket and served two terms. He was running a

______________
*I.J. Martin's "Common Place Book" is supplemented as to Mayors of Sullivan by handwritten notes commenting on particular mayoral administrations which I.J. made on his copy of the revised Ordinances of Sullivan, 1892.

< FONT SIZE="-1">-18-

clothing store in the old Titus Block, corner of Harrison and Main. He was an energetic business man, a little too assertive of his views to get along smoothly. He was superceded on account of the temperan ce wave that voted out saloons.

Xavier B. Trower, 1877-1879. Mayor Trower was a banker, son of Thomas B. Trower, who for many years was prominent in Charleston. He ran as an anti-license candidate, [i.e., opposing licensing of saloons], and wa s reelected in April 1879, but on account of the insolvency of his bank, he left Sullivan on a special train at midnight following the election.

William Kirkwood, 1879-1881. Mayor Kirkwood was chosen at a special election on May 27, 1879, and his choice marks the subsidence of the temperance enthusiasm, although saloons were not immediately reestablished. Mayor Kirkwood laughingly remarked later that the boys had to rely on drug store whiskey for a while longer.

Benjamin Samuel Jenning s, 1881-1883. Mayor Jennings was elected on the "Citizens" ticket as a pro-license candiate, and was an out and out advocate of saloons. Two saloons were kept going during his term of two years. At the end Jennings was defeated on the saloon issue by

Demothenes Francisco Bristow, 1883-1885. Mayor Bristow was elected on the "Peoples" ticket. He and the elected Aldermen were all against saloons. He gave us a good business administration, characterized more by economy than improvement, a nd we had no saloons in his administration. One of the Aldermen during Bristow's administration was Stephen Sweney, who was a rather pale drinker, but in the main harmless though apt to be a little quarrelsome. In the first year of Bristow's administrat ion, Marshall James T. Taylor arrested Sweney on the charge of being drunk and disorderly. Sweney made fun for the crowd of onlookers by protesting, "You can't arist me, I'm an alderman. I'll arist ye!" Near the end of Bristow's term, it was felt that the saloon party was gaining ground. In order to eliminate some of the personal bitterness from the contest, it was decided to submit the license question to a vote of the people and elect officers pledged to abide by the vote.

William Hollins Shin n, 1885-1887. Shinn was nominated in a "Citizens" primary over Murray McDonald, and had no opposition in the regular election. License had carried, but the "High License" issue now arose in the City Council. Mayor Shinn proposed to increase the lic ense fee from $500 to $1000, but the saloon advocates objected. They argued that we could have four saloons at the low fee which would produce as much revenue as two at $1000. Besides four would produce more rent for property owners and employment of pe ople. Mayor Shinn replied that more places and more employees were just what he wished to avoid.

The holdover Aldermen -- William Thuneman, J.M. Cummins, and Morris Ansbacher -- all opposed the increase to $1,000. Dr. J.A. Dunlap, Thomas Lee Wiley, and Mayor Shinn were for $1,000. The remaining Alderman, L. Lambrecht, was for a compromise of $750. He would vote with the Thuneman group to pass their ordinace but would then desert them on the vote to pass it over the Mayor's veto. Finally, Lambrec ht voted with Wiley and Dunlap (with the Mayor casting the deciding vote) to

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charge $750 the first year and $1,000 a year thereafter. As nearly three months had been taken up in the deadlock, t he license was really set at the rate of $1,000 per year.

After the 1885 election, the question of whether to issue licenses was not voted on again until 1891 when license was carried by a decisive majority. It was not again an issue until 1906, when the majority voted against saloons.

Up to Mayor's Shinn's term, very little had been done by any administration except to maintain a kind of order or quietness in the city, do a little grading of the streets, repair culverts and bridges, and build or r epair wooden side walks. So long as the boards were close enough to enable one to step from one to another, repair was not absolutely necessary. There were no street lights and when people put out their lights or pulled down their blinds in the evening, the town was in darkness.

Mayor Shinn, with the support of the Council, put in a system of gasoline street lamps, and every evening a lamp lighter -- Jim Harris -- went over the town and lighted the lamps. The roar of his fuse lighter could be heard for blocks.

This was the start of our improvement, and since then nearly every mayor has had something to his credit in the progress of the city.

Walter Eden, 1887-1891. Mayor Eden was twice elected Mayor on the "Citizens" ticket, defeating George Brosam, the first time. Walt Eden, son of John R. Eden, was called "the boy mayor" at the time. The caucus that nominated him both times declared for saloons, but the council each time refused to submit the question to the people. This forced t he temperance people to nominate a ticket. Eden had a hard fight for each of his two elections. George Brosam and Frank Craig were his two opponents. His administration managed city affairs quite well and is distinguished for beginning our water system . A well was dug on a lot on East Jackson Street, and a wind mill erected to operate a pump. A huge wooden tank was elevated on the lot now occupied by the city hall at the corner of Jefferson and Madison streets. Six water mains were laid along the ce nter of the streets around the public square. The windmill worked better and more regularly than one would now think. The tank was usually filled with water unless the pump got out of order. Of course the fine sand underlying the city at a depth of abo ut 90 to 100 feet made pumping difficult.

James Wesley Elder, 1891-1893. The mayoral election of 1891 was the hottest and closest election ever held in the city. Elder defeated F.M. Harbaugh by a plurality of 4 votes. Hollingsworth ran for Al derman on the Harbaugh ticket, and had a majority of one. The other leads in aldermanic races were similarly small. The Elder administration was pro-license. In the Elder administration, the first light franchise was given, and the city contracted for ten years for 10 arc street lights at $80 each with the privilege of adding lamps at the same price. Before the termination of the ten year period, the number of lamps had been increased to 40.

George Brosam, 1893-1895. Brosam was pro-license and was elected on the "Peoples" ticket. The first paving -- around the square and the street intersections -- was

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put down in 1894 against determined opposition. The Mayor got the approval o f three aldermen, and by using his own vote, put the scheme through.

Alpheus Kemper Campbell, 1895-1897. Mayor Campbell was pro-license and was elected on the "Citizens" ticket. He had to promise to extend the pavement to the depot in order to counteract Brosam's prestige. The first extension of water mains was hurried in order to get through the center of Harrison street ahead of the pavement. It was not learned until afterward that the center of a street is the very worst place for a water main. The Campbell administration undertook to establish a new survey of the west part of the city that led to a good deal of litigation in which the city was generally defeated.

George Brosam (again), 1897-1899. Brosam, still pro-license, wa s nominated on a Democrat ticket and was elected over Dr. I.W. Johnson, who ran on a "Citizens" Ticket. A telephone franchise was granted in this administration, and we have had telephone service ever since. When established, we had fewer than sixty pho nes, and a large number of them were business phones. In so small a system there was not much advantage in having one.

The public library was established in 1898. For many years the books were kept in E.E. Baker's book store, and Mr. Baker served as librarian. It superseded a subscribers' circulating library that had been operated from the office of the County Superintendent of Schools. For the first ten years, nearly all the revenue was expended in the purchase of books.

Isaac Hudson, 1 899-1901. Hudson, a Democrat, was elected as a pro-license candidate. A steel water tank, a pumping station and one or two deep wells were added to the water system. Bonds were voted for this improvement, which made a distinguished development in the a ffairs of the city. The credit of the administration was somewhat impaired by the discovery after the next election that the city was in debt more than twenty thousand dollars in floating orders, and that the treasury was practically empty. While no sat isfactory explanation was ever made, it is probable that this debt had been accumulating for some time. This administration extended the Baker light franchise although it yet had more than 10 years to run, and made a new contract for street lights at $90 per lamp on an all night schedule. Prior to this, the lights had been shut off at midnight.

John Eden Jennings, 1901-1903. Brosam and Hudson had been elected on political party tickets, and in 1901 the Democrats nominated John H. Baker for Ma yor. Mr. Baker was the owner of the light plant, but he now transferred the property to a corporation of which his wife and other relatives owned nearly all of the stock. Much amusement was occasioned by the attempt to give Mr. Baker credit for making t his transfer. Mr. Baker himself spoke of it in a public meeting, saying that his wife said when she signed the deed that she was "glad to get rid of the damn thing." Of course this was a slip of the tongue. He didn't mean that his wife expressed hersel f in his characteristic vocabulary. Jennings was elected on the "Citizens" ticket by a little more than fifty majority in the largest vote ever polled up to that time in a city election.

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This was the stormiest and (if we consider accomplishment of aims) the most successful of our city administrations. Mr. Jennings had the assistance of a splendid council. Jacob Dumond was chairman of the finance committee, and W.H. Chase was a member. Joel Kester Martin [I.J. Martin's brother] was city attorney, and David Lindsay city clerk. And every member of the administration was on the job whenever needed.

During the first year the new contract for street lights was repudiated and an order of cour t obtained annulling the extension of the light franchise. An offer was made to the light company to open negotiations to extend the contract, but it was not accepted; and when the time expired, the street lights were permanently discontinued. This was done without notice to the city. However, the opposition were informed and many opponents of the administration appeared down town with lanterns just before the usual time for lighting the streets. Some appeared to think that before many weeks, the Mayo r and council would be before the manager of the plant on their knees begging a resumption of service. The council were told that they would have to go to the managers' office for a conference -- that he would not meet them in the council room. This pas sage at arms ended all communication between the two sides.

Only aldermen were elected in 1902, and supporters of the administration carried every ward; and a movement for establishing a municipal street lighting plant was begun.

The floating inde btedness had been arranged for by a promise to pay five thousand dollars out of each year's revenue until the entire $20,000 was paid. These payments were all made in this and the next four years. The opponents of the administration clamored for the spe edy payment of this indebtedness in order to prevent the installment [of municipal lighting facilities], but the owners of the debt were more interested in the settlement of the claims than in embarrassing and crippling the city.

A few days before the end of the Jennings administration, the current from a new light plant was turned on to a well distributed street light system.

James R. Dedman, 1903-1905. Dedman was also a "Citizens" Mayor, and Mr. Jennings was elected City Attorney in the ne w administration. The policies [of the prior administration] were continued -- "the same old stuff" in the words of both its friends and enemies. This administration was characterized by a big paving expansion. The Harrison street pavement was extended to the intersection of Worth, which latter street was paved from Harrison north to the city limits. And Jackson street was paved from the Worth intersection eastward to the city limits.

Dr. Andrew D. Miller, 1905-1907. Miller was also a "Citi zens" Mayor. The work of paving was continued. Hamilton street was given a full length pavement, and a connection through Jefferson was made with the intersection of the southwest corner of the square.

In the middle of this administration, saloons we re voted out, and from this time until 1933 no kind of intoxicating liquor could be legally sold or given away in the city.

Nathan C. Ellis, 1907-1909. No license; "Citizens" ticket.

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Homer C. Shirey, 1909-1911. No license; "Citizens" ticket.

William H. Birch, 1911-1913. Mayor Jennings and his successors down to Mayor Birch had been elected on "Citizens" tickets. Although all of them except Miller had been Democrats , the Democratic party organization had run against them candidates of its own choice. This began in 1897, but Brosam and Hudson were the only ones elected on this ticket. Birch was elected on the "Peoples" ticket.

Finley Edgar Pifer, 1913-191 5. "Citizens" ticket. Developed Wyman Park.

Dr. Stonewall Johnson, 1915-1919. "Citizens" ticket. This administration was noted mainly for a prolonged contest with the public service company. The municipal plant began to sell electricity for light and power. It also began to oust the I.P.S. company from the use of the streets for poles and wires. The company obtained an order [from the Illinois Commerce Commission] for the extension of its lines to serve all who applied for terms, and then secured an injunction restraining the Mayor and council from interfering with their complying with the order of the state commission. Later the Mayor and other city officers were cited to appear before Judge Whitfield at Decatur for contempt as they had ignored the injunction. They were defended by City Attorney Richard Huff, A.J. Miller and Clarence Darrow. They were discharged and the injunction dissolved.

Mayor Johnson won his second term by a good majority over P.J. Harsh, who four years late r was elected. The municipal light plant was firmly established and was strong enough to go through a term of a hostile administration a few years later.

Dr. Andrew D. Miller, 1919-1921. "Citizens" ticket.

William H. Birch, 1921-1923 . "Peoples" ticket.

Perry Jackson Harsh, 1923-1925. "Citizens" ticket. Died in office.

Charles Roy Patterson, 1925-1929. "Citizens" ticket. Started new city water system.

Charles E. McFerrin, 1929-1935.

Andrew D. M iller, 1935-1939.


1871-1876John GaugerCarmen Patterson < TR>< TD>21Duncan, Joseph < TR>< TR>18< TD>Morgan, John W.R.< TR>Thompson, Victor
XVI. City Clerks
Edwin Hall1872-1875
Wash Linder1875- 1876
Edwin Hall1877-1879
D. McP. Ritter1879-1881
Edwin Hall1881-1889
John P. Lilly1889-
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Francis Marion Waggoner-1901
David G. Lindsay1901-
XVII. City Attorneys
Cassius C. Clark
Abram Charles M____1876-1877
Samuel Milton Smyser1877-1879
J. C. Stanley1879-1881
Samuel Milton Smyser1881-1885
Franc is Marion Harbaugh1885-1887
John Eden Jennings1887-1893
Isaac Hudson1893-1895
Rufus Huff 1895-1899
Miles A. Mattox1899-1901
Joel K. Martin1901-1909
Raymond D. Meeker1909-1915
Rufus Huff1915-1917
Joel K. Martin1917-1919
Homer W. Wright1919-1921
Elliott Billinan1921-1923
Roy B. Foster1923-1925
John Eden Jennings1925-1929
Miles A. Mattox1929-1930
John Eden Jennings1930-1931
Robert Walter Martin1931-
XVIII. Some prominent citizens who have served as members of the City Council.
William Thuneman
Morris Ansbacher
James M. Cummins
Walter H. Chase
Jacob Dumond
John R. McClure
Bush W. Patterson
Dr . S.T. Butler
H.M. Butler
Oscar Bruce Lowe
Louis K. Scoft
Silas D. Stacks
Thomas Monroe
Lucas Lambrecht
George R. Thompson
George Brosam
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XIX. Sullivan Library Trustees

I was first appoin ted a library trustee by Mayor Brosam when the public library was established in 1898, and was reappointed by Mayor Jennings in 1901, by Mayor Dedman in 1904, by Mayor Ellis in 1907, and Mayor Shirey in 1910. In 1913 Mayor Pifer neglected to name Trustee s, and I served through that year, and was reappointed for three years in 1914. I was reappointed by Mayor Johnson in 1917, by Mayor Miller in 1920, by Mayor Harsh in 1923, by Mayor Patterson in 1926 and by Mayor McFerrin in 1929.

I served through M ayor Hudson's term in 1899-1901. If my term had expired he would have appointed me. My term did not expire in either of Birch's terms. He might not have reappointed me. Every other mayor has been friendly. I served through one of Miller's terms, one of Johnson's and one of Patterson's, but would have been reappointed if there had been an expiration. I have now, in 1932, served continuously 33 years.

Names:Term expires:
El liott Dillman1926
Jessie Edwards1926
Addil__ Burns 1926
I.J. Martin1927
Roy B. Foster1927
Ada Chapin1927
Maye Pearson1928
Grace Richardson1928
John Gauger1928
Elliott Dillman1929
Jessie Edwards1929
E.C. Brandenbur ger1929
I.J. Martin1930
Roy B. Foster1930
Ada Chapin1930
Leone Martin1931
Grace Richardson1931
1931
George Roney1932
Jessie Edwards1932
Jessie Tichenor1932
I.J. Martin1933
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Roy B. Foster1933
Carmen Patterson1933
Catharine Shaw1934
Grace Richardson1934
John Gaug er1934
George Roney1935
Jessie Edwards1935
Jessie Tichenor1935
I.J. Martin1936
Walter Lane1936
1936
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Index Page
1862 convention12
6th Judicial Circuit11
Adkins, Charles7, 9
Allen, James C.2, 13
Allen, William J.13
Altgeld, Gov.5
Anderson, James17
Anderson, W.B.13
Ansbacher, Morris19, 24
Askbrook, Verne R.17
Atchison, Oliver T.9
Baker, E.E.21
Baker, John H.9, 21
Baldwin, James A.11
Billinan, Elliott24
Birch, William H.23
Bishop4
Blac k Hawk War2
Boggs, Franklin P.11
Bond, Gov.1
Bookwalter, F.11
Borchers, Charles7
Brandenburger, E.C.25
Breese, Sidney11
Bristow, Demothenes Francisco19
Bristow, Nettie14
Bromwell, Henry H.P.3, 4, 13
Brosam, George20, 24
Brosam, Mayor25
Brown, Albert Allen15, 17
Browning, Orville P.13
Bryan, Silas L.13
Burns, Addil25
Burton, Stephen Douglas16
Bushfield, Thomas M.16, 18
Butler, Dr. S.T.24
Butler, H.M.24
Campaign of 18865
Campbell, Alpheus Kemper
Cannon, Joseph Gurney15
Cannon, Stephen8
Carnine, D. Gale16
Carter, Orin N.12
-i-

Cartwright, James H.11
Casey, Jadoc1, 12
Caton, John D.11
Chapin, Ada25
Chase, Walter H.24
Chicago Tribune13
Chipps, Paul Lilly14
Circuit Clerks14
City Attorneys24
City Clerks23
Clark, Casius Caius 15, 24
Clark, Horace S.9
Cleveland6
Cleveland administration5
Cochran, Oscar F.14, 17
Cochran, William G.9, 11< /TD>
Cofer, Peter18
Combs, Lois16
Constitutional Convention of 181812
Constitutional Convention of 184712
Constitutional Convention of 187012
Constitutional Convention of 1920-2113
Constitutional Conventions12
Cook, Daniel Pope1
county clerks14
county co mmissioners13
county judges13
county treasurer16
Craig, Alfred M.11, 13
Craig, Frank20
Crawford County7
Cullom3
Cullom, Edward N.12
Cummins, James Mathias16, 19, 24
Darrow, Clarence23
Daugherty, George Alvin16
Dav is, Judge David6, 10, 13
Davis, Oliver L.10
Decius, Judge4
Dedman, James R.22
Dement, John2, 12, 13
Dickey, T. Lyle 11
Dillman, Elliott25
Dolan, Oliver T.16
Douglas, Stephen A.11
Drake, Jacob R.9
Dumond, Jacob22, 24
1
-ii-

Dunlap10
Dunlap, Dr. J.A.19
Dunlap, Henry M.13
Dunn, Frank K.11
Dunscomb, John Harmon16, 18
Eden, John R.3, 4, 6, 7, 15
Eden, Joseph Edgar13
Eden, W.W.18
Eden, Walter16, 20
Eden, William Wallace14
Edwards, Jessie25
Effingham4
Elder, Esias Dalby17
Elder, James13
Elder, James Wesley20
Ellis, Nathan C.22
Emerson, Charles10, 13
English, Simon Peter14
Erving, Reuben B.8
Ewing , William L.D.8
Farmer, Justice6
Farmer, W.M.11
Fayette4
Ficklin, Col.9
Ficklin, Orlando B.2, 12
Filler, Col.4
Fleming, Warren M.17
Forsyth, A.P.4
Foster, Alva E.17
Foster, Roy Barton15, 24, 25
Foster, Samuel T.16
free silver6
Freeland, John Alexander8, 14
Fuller, Melville13
Funston, William O.17
Gaddis, Fred O.14
Gallagher, Arthur J.10
Garrett, William Harrison18
Gauger, John25
Gray, James M.9
Greeley3, 6
Green, Cassius W .14
Greene, Alvin P.17
Greene, Henry13
Gregory, Chas. A.9
Grider, John T.14
Hacher, William A.12
Haines, Elijah M.13
-iii-

Hall, Edwin23
Hamilton, Parnell17
Hamlin, H.J.4, 6< /TD>
Harbaugh, Francis Marion20, 24
Harris, Jim20
Harsh, Perry Jackson23, 23
Harwood, Abel13
Hawkins, Harvey Harrod9, 16
Haydon, Benjamin B.17
Hetherington, George14, 18
Hillsboro6
Hoke, Josiah Campbell16
Hollingsworth20
Hudson , Isaac14, 17, 21, 24
Huff, Richard23
Huff, Rufus9, 24
Hughes, James F.10
Hunter4
Hunter, Judge4
Hutchison, E.D.14
I.P.S.23
Jennings, Benjamin Samuel19
Jennings, John Eden14, 15, 21, 24
Jennings, Mayor25
Jett, Tho mas M.6
Johns, William C.11
Johnson, Dr. Stonewall23
Johnson, I.W.21
Jones, Abraham17
Jones, Malden9
justices of the peace13
Kane, Elias Kent 12
Kane, Senator7
Kaskaskia River8
Kilner, Ed18
Kilner, Walter B.
Kinney, William8
Kirkwood, William16, 17, 18, 19
Kitchell, Joseph7, 12
Lambrecht, Lucas19, 24
Lane, Charles Albert1 6
Lane, Judge Edward5, 6
Lane, Walter26
Lansden, Charles O.17
Lansden, Harlan17
Lansden, Thomas A.17
L awrenceville2
Ledbetter, Fred14
-iv-

Lee, Alsey B.17
Lemon, James12
Lewis, Thomas Young15
light franchise20, 21
Lilly, John P.23
Lincoln, Abraham2, 6, 10
Linder, Wash6, 16, 23
Lindsay , David22
Lindsay, David G.24
Lloyd, James Wilson14
Lockwood, Samuel D.11
Logan, John A.6
Lowe, Clark16
Lowe, Oscar Bruce16, 24
Lucas, Mae18
Lux, Arthur William15
Macoupin4
Magruder, Bery D.11
Marshall3
Martin, Ivory J.1, 22, 25
Martin, James Bertram14
Martin, Joel Kester15, 22, 24
Martin, Leone25
Martin, Robert Walter15, 24
Masters in Chancery17
Mattox, Miles A.24
May, Wm. L.1
Mayors18
McCLure, John R.24
McDonald, Murray< /TD>9, 19
McFerrin, Charles E.23
McKinley6
McKinley, William B.7
McLean, John1
Medill, Joseph13
Me eker, Jonathan8, 14, 15
Meeker, Raymond D.9, 17, 24
Merriam, Johnathon13
Miller, A.J.23
Miller, Andrew D.22, 23
Minor, H enry M.14, 17
Monroe, Thomas24
Montgomery4
Montgomery County5
Moore, Allen T.7
Moore, Jesse H.3
9
Moulton, Samuel W.4, 5, 6
-v-

Moultrie County2, 8
Mouser, Abram Char les17
Mr. Jennings22
Mt. Vernon1
Neal, Henry A.9
Neece, Wm. H.13
Nelson, William E.10
Newboul d, John Orman16
Oglesby, Governor5
Palmer6
Palmer, Gen.3
Parker, Daniel8
Patterson, Andrew Jackson16
Patterson, Bush W.24
Patterson, Carmen26
Patterson, Charles Roy15, 23
Patterson, David13, 15
Patterson, Samuel David14
paving20, 22
Peadro, Benjamin Franklin16
Pearson, Maye25
Perryman, John14, 15, 17
Philbrick, Solon11
Phillips, Jes se J.4, 11
Phillips, Judge5
Pifer, Finley Edgar23
Pogue, John R.9
Post, Joel S.8
public library21
Purvis, John D.14
Randolph, David D.17
Revised Ordinances of Sullivan18
Rhinehart, Senator5
Rice, Edward13
Richards on, Grace25
Rinehart, Erastus N.9
Ritter, D. McP.23
Roane, Charles L.9, 14
Robinson, James C.2
Roney, George25< /TD>
Rose, James Knox Polk16
Rose, Lewis W.13
Roughton, Nettie R.16
Roughton, Van D.16
saloons20, 22
Scates , Walter B.11
Schaefer, Peter P.9
Schofield, John13
-vi-

Scofield, John11
Scoft, Louis K.24
Scott, A.E.D.18
Scott, Andrew13
Scott, Andrew Edward D.16
Scott, John M.11
Scott, Louis Kos suth14
Selby, Charles E.17
Selby, Robert 16
Sentel, George Andrew11, 17
Shaw, Aaron2
Shaw, Catharine26
Shelby County8
Shelbyville5
sheriff16
Shields, James11
Shinn, William Hollins15, 19
Shirey, Homer C.2 3
Shuman, Charles14
Silver, Edward A.14
Smith, Charles B.10
Smyser, A.N.18
Smyser, Alfred Newton14
Smy ser, Samuel Milton15, 24
Splitler, Frank9
Springer, William M.3
St. Clair8
Stacks, Silas Deane14, 24
Stanely, William M. 8
Stanley, J.C. 24
states attorneys15
Stearns, Daniel Franklin16
Stedman, Dr. W.E.9
Steele, Charles B.9
Steele, William A.9
street lights20
Stuart, John R.1
Sullivan Library25
superintendents of schools15
Supreme Court of Illinois10
surveyors17
Sweney, Stephen19
Taylor, James T.19
Thomas, Jesse B.12
Thomas, Senator7
Thomason, Arnold2, 8, 13, 14, 17
Thomason, Joseph16
Thompson, George R.24
-vii-

18
Thornton6
Thornton, Anthony11, 12
Thornton, Judge3, 8, 12
Thornton, Tom5
Thornton, W.F.8
Thuneman, William19, 24
Tichenor, Jessie25
Tichenor, Milton18
Tilden6
Titus, Joseph B.14
Treat, Samuel H.10, 11
Trower, Thomas B.8
Trower, Xavier B.19
Trumbull, Lyman6, 11
Twadell, Charles N.14
Uppendahl, John H.9< /TD>
Vail, Edward P.10, 11
Waggoner, Amos13
Waggoner, Francis Marion24
Waggoner, Joseph Henry14, 18
Walker, Albert16
Warner, Vespasian6
Warren, H. Ray16
Warren, Michael H.17
Warren, Peter8
Warren, Senator12
water mains 21
water system20
Webb, Frank M.17
Wendling, George R.13
West, Cadell15
Whernhoff, Merle Francis15
Whi tfield, Judge23
Whitfield, William Kenney11, 15
Wiley, Thomas Lee19
Wilkin, Jacob W.3, 10, 11
Will, Conrad12
Williamson, Frank9
Wilson, R.W.8

Wolf, Frank L.17

Wood, Ivan D.15

Worsham, O.C.17

Wright, Francis, M.11

Wright, Homer W.24

Wright, John F.17

Wright, Samuel Walter9, 14

Wright, Sr., S.W.18

-viii-

Yancy5

Yancy, S enator4

Young, Timothy R.2

-ix-


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